Топ-100
 

CREATE TABLE

RDBMS Type: MySQL
Topic

Syntax:
CREATE [TEMPORARY] TABLE [IF NOT EXISTS] tbl_name
(create_definition,...)
[table_options]
[partition_options]

CREATE [TEMPORARY] TABLE [IF NOT EXISTS] tbl_name
[(create_definition,...)]
[table_options]
[partition_options]
[IGNORE | REPLACE]
[AS] query_expression

CREATE [TEMPORARY] TABLE [IF NOT EXISTS] tbl_name
{ LIKE old_tbl_name | (LIKE old_tbl_name) }

create_definition: {
col_name column_definition
| {INDEX | KEY} [index_name] [index_type] (key_part,...)
[index_option] ...
| {FULLTEXT | SPATIAL} [INDEX | KEY] [index_name] (key_part,...)
[index_option] ...
| [CONSTRAINT [symbol]] PRIMARY KEY
[index_type] (key_part,...)
[index_option] ...
| [CONSTRAINT [symbol]] UNIQUE [INDEX | KEY]
[index_name] [index_type] (key_part,...)
[index_option] ...
| [CONSTRAINT [symbol]] FOREIGN KEY
[index_name] (col_name,...)
reference_definition
| check_constraint_definition
}

column_definition: {
data_type [NOT NULL | NULL] [DEFAULT {literal | (expr)} ]
[AUTO_INCREMENT] [UNIQUE [KEY]] [[PRIMARY] KEY]
[COMMENT 'string']
[COLLATE collation_name]
[COLUMN_FORMAT {FIXED | DYNAMIC | DEFAULT}]
[ENGINE_ATTRIBUTE [=] 'string']
[SECONDARY_ENGINE_ATTRIBUTE [=] 'string']
[STORAGE {DISK | MEMORY}]
[reference_definition]
[check_constraint_definition]
| data_type
[COLLATE collation_name]
[GENERATED ALWAYS] AS (expr)
[VIRTUAL | STORED] [NOT NULL | NULL]
[UNIQUE [KEY]] [[PRIMARY] KEY]
[COMMENT 'string']
[reference_definition]
[check_constraint_definition]
}

data_type:
(see https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/8.0/en/data-types.html)

key_part: {col_name [(length)] | (expr)} [ASC | DESC]

index_type:
USING {BTREE | HASH}

index_option: {
KEY_BLOCK_SIZE [=] value
| index_type
| WITH PARSER parser_name
| COMMENT 'string'
| {VISIBLE | INVISIBLE}
|ENGINE_ATTRIBUTE [=] 'string'
|SECONDARY_ENGINE_ATTRIBUTE [=] 'string'
}

check_constraint_definition:
[CONSTRAINT [symbol]] CHECK (expr) [[NOT] ENFORCED]

reference_definition:
REFERENCES tbl_name (key_part,...)
[MATCH FULL | MATCH PARTIAL | MATCH SIMPLE]
[ON DELETE reference_option]
[ON UPDATE reference_option]

reference_option:
RESTRICT | CASCADE | SET NULL | NO ACTION | SET DEFAULT

table_options:
table_option [[,] table_option] ...

table_option: {
AUTO_INCREMENT [=] value
| AVG_ROW_LENGTH [=] value
| [DEFAULT] CHARACTER SET [=] charset_name
| CHECKSUM [=] {0 | 1}
| [DEFAULT] COLLATE [=] collation_name
| COMMENT [=] 'string'
| COMPRESSION [=] {'ZLIB' | 'LZ4' | 'NONE'}
| CONNECTION [=] 'connect_string'
| {DATA | INDEX} DIRECTORY [=] 'absolute path to directory'
| DELAY_KEY_WRITE [=] {0 | 1}
| ENCRYPTION [=] {'Y' | 'N'}
| ENGINE [=] engine_name
| ENGINE_ATTRIBUTE [=] 'string'
| INSERT_METHOD [=] { NO | FIRST | LAST }
| KEY_BLOCK_SIZE [=] value
| MAX_ROWS [=] value
| MIN_ROWS [=] value
| PACK_KEYS [=] {0 | 1 | DEFAULT}
| PASSWORD [=] 'string'
| ROW_FORMAT [=] {DEFAULT | DYNAMIC | FIXED | COMPRESSED | REDUNDANT | COMPACT}
| SECONDARY_ENGINE_ATTRIBUTE [=] 'string'
| STATS_AUTO_RECALC [=] {DEFAULT | 0 | 1}
| STATS_PERSISTENT [=] {DEFAULT | 0 | 1}
| STATS_SAMPLE_PAGES [=] value
| TABLESPACE tablespace_name [STORAGE {DISK | MEMORY}]
| UNION [=] (tbl_name[,tbl_name]...)
}

partition_options:
PARTITION BY
{ [LINEAR] HASH(expr)
| [LINEAR] KEY [ALGORITHM={1 | 2}] (column_list)
| RANGE{(expr) | COLUMNS(column_list)}
| LIST{(expr) | COLUMNS(column_list)} }
[PARTITIONS num]
[SUBPARTITION BY
{ [LINEAR] HASH(expr)
| [LINEAR] KEY [ALGORITHM={1 | 2}] (column_list) }
[SUBPARTITIONS num]
]
[(partition_definition [, partition_definition] ...)]

partition_definition:
PARTITION partition_name
[VALUES
{LESS THAN {(expr | value_list) | MAXVALUE}
|
IN (value_list)}]
[[STORAGE] ENGINE [=] engine_name]
[COMMENT [=] 'string' ]
[DATA DIRECTORY [=] 'data_dir']
[INDEX DIRECTORY [=] 'index_dir']
[MAX_ROWS [=] max_number_of_rows]
[MIN_ROWS [=] min_number_of_rows]
[TABLESPACE [=] tablespace_name]
[(subpartition_definition [, subpartition_definition] ...)]

subpartition_definition:
SUBPARTITION logical_name
[[STORAGE] ENGINE [=] engine_name]
[COMMENT [=] 'string' ]
[DATA DIRECTORY [=] 'data_dir']
[INDEX DIRECTORY [=] 'index_dir']
[MAX_ROWS [=] max_number_of_rows]
[MIN_ROWS [=] min_number_of_rows]
[TABLESPACE [=] tablespace_name]

query_expression:
SELECT ... (Some valid select or union statement)

CREATE TABLE creates a table with the given name. You must have the
CREATE privilege for the table.

By default, tables are created in the default database, using the
InnoDB storage engine. An error occurs if the table exists, if there is
no default database, or if the database does not exist.

MySQL has no limit on the number of tables. The underlying file system
may have a limit on the number of files that represent tables.
Individual storage engines may impose engine-specific constraints.
InnoDB permits up to 4 billion tables.

For information about the physical representation of a table, see
https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/8.0/en/create-table-files.html.

URL: https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/8.0/en/create-table.html

Example